A shareholder agreement template is a legally binding document that outlines the rights and responsibilities of shareholders in a particular company. Shareholders are investors who own a stake in the company, and their agreement determines how the company will be managed and how profits will be shared.

In South Africa, it is recommended that every company has a shareholder agreement in place to prevent disputes and protect the interests of all parties involved. A shareholder agreement is particularly important for small businesses where shareholders may also be directors or have other roles in the company.

A shareholder agreement template in South Africa should include the following sections:

1. Introduction and definitions: This section should define key terms used throughout the agreement and provide a brief overview of the purpose of the document.

2. Shareholding: This section should outline the number of shares each shareholder holds, the percentage of ownership, and any restrictions on transferring shares.

3. Management and decision-making: This section should outline how the company will be managed and how decisions will be made. This may include appointing directors, quorum requirements for meetings, and voting procedures.

4. Dividends and distributions: This section should outline how profits will be shared among shareholders. This may include the frequency and amount of dividends, and how they will be calculated.

5. Shareholder rights and obligations: This section should outline the rights and obligations of shareholders, including the right to inspect company records and the obligation to provide capital when required.

6. Dispute resolution: This section should outline the process for resolving disputes between shareholders, including mediation and arbitration procedures.

7. Termination and exit: This section should outline the process for terminating the agreement and exiting the company, including procedures for selling shares and resolving any outstanding issues.

By using a shareholder agreement template in South Africa, companies can ensure that all shareholders are on the same page and that their rights and interests are protected. It is important to seek legal advice when creating a shareholder agreement to ensure that it is legally binding and enforceable.